“Yulcho Hwansam Vine (Hansam Vine)” is a weed that is good for high blood pressure and atopy

a sickening weed called a ginseng vine

When farming in the countryside, the biggest headache weed is Hwansam vine. Sansam’s wild garlic (myeongmul) field is also occupied by this Hwansam vine, so there is no way to do it. After harvesting wild garlic seeds in the summer, they are turned into mower, and they come up again the following year.

Not only wild ginseng, but all farmers in the countryside are a perfect enemy. In addition, parks and rivers in the city center are occupied by these Hwansam vines, and the light environment is extremely poor under the lush Hansam vines, so the diversity of plant species within the unit area is greatly reduced.

However, this heinous (?) hwansam vine is also an herb called Yulcho in oriental medicine and used as a medicinal ingredient. In addition, it is a drug contained in the “Korea Pharmaceutical Exclusive Herbal Medicine (KHP),” a pharmaceutical process by the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety.

If you search for Hwansam Vine, Hansam Vine, or Yulcho on Naver, many vendors can be searched through Naver shopping as below.

High blood pressure and good for atopy

The current Korean name Hwansam Vine is based on the famous collection of Joseon plants (Jeong Tae-hyun et al., 1949), and it is named because the leaf shape resembles the leaf of Sam (Dama) and is a vine-like plant.

It is written as “Hansam” in Donguibogam, etc. In light of the fact that the name is “Hansam” in the medicine book Hyangyakjipbang, published in the 15th year of King Sejong, there is an opinion that the name should be “Hansam Vine”, and Hansam Vine is common and originated from the point that it is a vine that resembles a ginseng.(Kim Jongwon’s “Korean Plant Chantae Bogam”)

Japanese ginseng vine

Korean ginseng vine, Korean ginseng root

Dicotyledonous annual plant of the genus Trichophyllum of the genus Trichophyllum

학명 Humulus japonicus Sieboid & Zucc.

The genus name Humulus is derived from a Latin name that originated in the Teutons language of Hope, and it is said that the Dutch hommel and Danish humle are etymologically related. The species name japonicus refers to the place of discovery, meaning ‘of Japan’.

HWANJAM Vines Are Ecosystem Disturbing Creatures

Since Hwansam vine grows rapidly and covers surrounding vegetation, inhibiting the growth of other species and forming a single new colony, the Ministry of Environment has designated Hwansam vine as an ecological disturbance since July 26, 2019.

If designated as an ecosystem disturbance organism, import, import, breeding, cultivation, radiation, transplantation, transfer, amniotic fluid, storage, transport or distribution are prohibited except in exceptional cases. If illegal income is detected, up to two years in prison or a fine of up to 20 million won will be imposed.

Many people think that Hwansam vine is an exotic species introduced from abroad because it is an ecological disturbance plant, but it is endemic to Korea and is widely distributed in East Asia.

the ecology of hwansam vines

Hwansam Vines have a square stem, reach 2-4m in length, and have rough spines facing down. The leaves are opposite, deeply divided into 5-7 branches, palm-shaped, and are 5-12 cm long and 12 cm wide, respectively.

The branches are ovoid or acupuncture, have regular teeth on the edges, and have coarse hairs on both sides. The flowers bloom in July-October in the male and female follicles. Male flowers are yellow-green and have five calyx leaves and stamens each. The female flowers hang in short racemes. The fruit is a fruit of the family tree, and it is ovary-shaped.

Effect of Korean Ginseng Vine Yulcho in Donguibogam

Hwansam Vine is called Yulcho and is used as a medicinal material, and the Korean name Hansam is recorded in Donguibogam Tangyukpyeon, a medical book written in 1610 by Heo Jun, a doctor of the Joseon Dynasty, compiles Chinese and Joseon’s medical books.

In the Donguibogam Tangsuyuk episode, Yulcho (Korean ginseng) has a cold, sweet taste, and is not poisonous. It heals the duckling (five gonorrhea) and eliminates dysentery and malaria. It is recorded that it is mainly used for the swelling of leprosy.

● Herbal medicine is weak and weak

The taste is sweet and bitter, and the temper is cold.

● Chinese medicine area of action (歸경)

Yulcho mainly affects lungs, kidneys, and diseases.

● the efficacy of herbal medicine

– Clearing fever detoxification: Resolving heat poisoning.

– Diuretic pain: Urinating easily and relieving urination disorders.

● an explanation of medicinal properties

– It relieves itching on the skin.

– It is effective for symptoms of poor urine or swelling of the body.

– It eliminates coughing caused by heatstroke invading the lungs.

– It is effective in treating lung nodules and pneumonia.

● the efficacy of North Korea

It lowers fever with poison, relieves poison, and urinates well.

● a medicinal method

Put 10 to 15g of ground dried food in 800ml of water, boil it, divide it in half, and drink it in the morning and evening. Use 30-60g of fresh ingredients. When used for external use, crush an appropriate amount and attach it to the affected area.

the efficacy of hwansam vine

▲ Huansam vine building material / Photo: An overview of the identification of herbal medicines

In the Dictionary of Oriental Medicine (2001), the pharmacological experiment revealed the effect of lowering blood pressure, diuretic action, and antibacterial action against Gram-positive bacteria.

It is recorded that fever, chest stuffy, and thirst are caused by hemorrhoids and pulmonary tuberculosis, which are used for digestive disorders, acute gastroenteritis, edema, diarrhea, dysentery, bladder inflammation, urethral inflammation, pregnancy, urinary tract stones, high blood pressure, swelling, and hunde.

Below is a press release from Yonhap News Agency that Hwansam vine is effective in high blood pressure and atopy.

How to Use Hwan Sam Vines

to put forests and fields on a plate / in the field of book publishing (2011)

a vegetable wrap

I eat the new shoots that come out from the end of April as a wrap. Or, from May to June, they pick young leaves of Hwansam vine and eat them as wraps. It may be a little feisty, but you don’t feel feisty when you eat it with perilla leaves. Eat raw leaves as bibimbap with other weeds.

Pickled ginseng vine

It is good to make leaves from June to July with pickled hwansam vine kimchi like sesame leaf kimchi. Soaking is the same as making perilla leaf kimchi. First, make garlic, red pepper powder, brewed soy sauce, green onion, and sesame salt sauce, and stack each leaf and pickle them.

You can eat it with a little steam in soy sauce. It is also eaten after being aged for about 7 days in soybean paste like perilla leaves or bean leaves. You can eat it by marinating it in salted water.

blanching of hwansam vine

Blanch the leaves of hansam vine slightly. They are blanched and eaten as vegetables, or they are dipped in sauce with vegetable shabu-shabu.

Hwansam vine powder

Dry the strong leaves in a well-winded shade and powder them when they are stiff. You eat it with juice or milk, mix it with rice, or sprinkle it on salad.

a tea made of hwax

Dry the leaves in the shade. They serve it with tea or boil it and put it in the refrigerator like a drink. To wash the dust on the leaves, throw away the first water and boil the second water.